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Ceritalah ASEAN – Malaysian elections: Spillover into Singapore?

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MALAYSIAN Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad is Asia’s most quotable leader.

In May, soon after his Pakatan Harapan (or Pact of Hope, PH) alliance’s surprise victory in elections that month, he quipped that Singaporeans “…must be tired of having the same government, the same party since independence” – a clear reference to the republic’s ruling People’s Action Party’s (or PAP) almost six-decade monopoly on power.

Mahathir – as history will tell us – is no fan of Singapore.

Understandably, the ninety-three-year-old’s pronouncements on the city-state since returning to power have drawn a lot of attention.

Intrigued by the possibility of change in Singapore, Team Ceritalah travelled across the causeway to see what local residents thought of Malaysia’s historic 14th General Election and how – if at all – it would impact them.

“It is hard to see beyond this blinding light that is Singapore.” Hezril Azmin/Ceritalah

“It was exciting that PH won. But I think that Singaporeans will still vote for some semblance of the status quo,” says Try Foo, a 25-year-old Southeast Asian Studies student at the National University of Singapore.

“There’s a lack of factors for an opposition win – like 1MDB and Najib,” explains Martino Tan, co-founder of independent media platform Mothership.SG.

Indeed, former Prime Minister Najib Razak and the ruling Barisan Nasional (or National Front, BN) coalition faced three critical obstacles.

Singaporeans are facing higher costs of living, but the lack of an issue such as 1MDB. Hezril Azmin/Ceritalah

First, it was dogged by a strong sense that Malaysia’s economy – under the BN’s watch – was failing to deliver equal opportunities against the backdrop of rising food prices and cost of living.

Second, a much-hated and little-understood sales tax (better known as the GST) seemed to have accelerated inflationary pressures on many everyday staples. Its introduction back in 2015 shocked and angered millions of Malaysians, who for the first time felt the brunt of consumption taxes – prompting, in turn, calls for greater scrutiny of government spending.

GST’s introduction in 2015 happened just as the 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB) financial scandal – which implicated the then-premier Najib Razak – exploded into the public arena. The revelations served to erode the government’s already-shaky credibility and further spurred popular disaffection.

Enter Dr Mahathir. Having never lost an election since 1969, the nonagenarian wove together a simple narrative uniting the failure of trickle-down economics, the introduction of GST and Najib’s alleged corruption into a powerful electoral message.

Could the same happen in Singapore?

'It was exciting that PH won. But I think that Singaporeans will still vote for some semblance of the status quo,' says Try Foo, a 25-year-old Southeast Asian Studies student at the National University of Singapore. Hezril Azmin/Ceritalah

Certainly, it’s true that the economy is beginning to make life tough for ordinary Singaporeans.

Many like 34-year-old “Melissa Teoh” (not her real name), a mother of one and an Operations Associate, have had to grapple with the rising costs of living.

“I buy my 4-year-old’s milk powder from Malaysia. One tin there is MYR64 versus SGD64 here. Our cost of living is so high…we worry for our children.”

In March 2018, The Economist Intelligence Unit ranked Singapore as the most expensive city in the world out of 133 – for the fifth consecutive year, outranking Hong Kong, Tokyo and Paris. Singapore’s own GST is already 7% – higher than Malaysia’s former 6%.

But Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong’s political travails pale in comparison to Najib’s.

In May, Malaysian Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad quipped that Singaporeans “…must be tired of having the same government, the same party since independence”. Hezril Azmin/Ceritalah

Lee’s worst “scandal” to date – if one can even call it that – was a mid-2017 spat with his siblings, Lee Hsien Yang and Dr Lee Wei Ling over the fate of 38 Oxley Road, the former residence of their late father and Singapore’s founder, Lee Kuan Yew.

“I was really worried when the siblings made the argument public – we had just lost Lee Kuan Yew. I was worried the government was going to fall through,” Melissa recalls.

Yet, as Martino observes, “It’s still not enough. There’s no popular figure among the opposition, who is well-known across the young and old, who can rally and mobilise Singaporeans to consider the possibility of a change in government”.

Some Singaporeans are pinning their hopes on Pritam Singh, Secretary-General of the Workers’ Party (WP) and Leader of the Opposition.

He was part of the WP team that seized the Aljuneid Group Representation Constituency (GRC) in the unprecedented 2011 General Elections. However, the 41-year-old has yet to attain Mahathir’s stature or accomplishments: the WP retained Aljunied in 2015 by a margin of less than 2%.

Martino Tan, co-founder of Mothership.SG discussing the lack of Opposition strength and popularity to Karim Raslan, Founder of KRA Group. Hezril Azmin/Ceritalah

Moreover, Singaporean politics arguably lacks an issue – besides the rising cost of living – to rally voters to effect change.

Like it or not, Singapore is not Malaysia, despite the many things that bind the two countries together.

Malaysia’s highly emotional moment of democratic change is certainly something Malaysians and Southeast Asians can be proud of.

Nonetheless with neither the headline controversies or opponents with gravitas, Singapore’s PAP looks like it won’t be going anywhere anytime soon

At least for now.

Singapore’s PAP has been in power for almost 60 years. For Singaporeans the PAP has always been synonymous with their government. Hezril Azmin/Ceritalah

*Follow Karim Raslan on Twitter @fromKMR / Instagram @fromkmr

** The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the position of Astro AWANI.